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Chandeng M. v. Berryhill

United States District Court, D. Rhode Island

April 1, 2019

NANCY A. BERRYHILL, Acting Commissioner, Social Security Administration


          LINCOLN D. ALMOND United States Magistrate Judge.

         Pending before me for a report and recommendation (28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B)) is the Commissioner's Motion for Voluntary Remand. (ECF Doc. No. 14). Plaintiff does not oppose a remand in principle but filed a response regarding the particulars of the Remand Order. (ECF Doc. No. 15 at p. 1). A hearing was held on March 21, 2019.


         The travel of this case is complicated. This is the second appeal to this Court regarding Plaintiff's applications for Social Security benefits. Plaintiff initially filed his applications on January 17, 2013, alleging disability since September 1, 2012. (Tr. 213, 217). The ALJ denied the applications on September 25, 2014. (Tr. 13-30).

         Plaintiff filed subsequent applications for disability benefits on January 28, 2016. (Tr. 461, n.2). Shortly after he filed the new applications, he also filed a timely appeal in this Court regarding the 2014 denial. (See C.A. No. 1:16-cv-00051-JJM-PAS). The subsequent applications were allowed on May 14, 2016, with a finding that Plaintiff had been disabled at all times since September 26, 2014, the day after the prior unfavorable decision. (Tr. 661-665). On November 1, 2016, the Commissioner filed a Motion for Voluntary Remand of the first District Court appeal (Tr. 562). When the Appeals Council effectuated the Voluntary Remand, it stated the following regarding the subsequent applications: “The Appeals Council neither affirms nor reopens these determinations, which continue to be binding. This means that the determinations will be subject to reopening and revision if additional development indicates that the conditions for reopening are met (20 CFR § 404.987 and 416.1487)[1].” (Tr. 566).

         Plaintiff's counsel accurately argued to the ALJ at the remand hearing on July 19, 2017 that the subsequent allowance of benefits could not be reopened and revised without “good cause” because more than one year had passed since they were decided. (Tr. 484-486). On remand, the ALJ re-issued a denial of the initial claims and also reopened and reversed the subsequent allowances, effectively terminating Plaintiff's eligibility for disability benefits. The August 29, 2017 unfavorable decision determined that Plaintiff was not disabled at all times from September 1, 2012 through the decision date. (Tr. 458-474).

         Plaintiff filed a timely appeal in the form of Exceptions to the August 29, 2017 unfavorable decision with the Appeals Council. (Tr. 667). He argued the ALJ abused her discretion in order to “punish” Plaintiff for having filed his earlier appeal. Id. He also argued that the “good cause” requirements for reopening the subsequent allowance of benefits had not been met or even addressed by the ALJ in her decision. (Tr. 668).

         The Appeals Council responded on May 15, 2018 declining to assume jurisdiction over the case and rejecting Plaintiff's argument that the good cause standard to reopen was not met. (Tr. 451-453). Thus, the August 29, 2017 unfavorable decision became a final administrative decision, and Plaintiff thereafter filed the instant appeal.

         In this appeal, Plaintiff argues that the ALJ committed multiple errors including the decision to reopen the subsequent application without finding the necessary “good cause” as defined in 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.989 and 416.1489. (ECF Doc. No. 13-1). The Commissioner concedes in her Motion for Voluntary Remand that the “ALJ improperly reopened the April 2016 determination finding Plaintiff disabled beginning on September 26, 2014.” (ECF Doc. No. 14-1 at p. 3). The Commissioner acknowledges that the ALJ failed to mention the good cause requirement for reopening or articulate a good cause finding. Id.


         The parties are in disagreement about two issues regarding the parameters of a remand. First, Plaintiff wants the remand order to foreclose any further reopening of the April 2016 award of benefits. And, second, Plaintiff argues that the case should be remanded solely for the calculation and payment of benefits, rather than further administrative proceedings on the initial applications.

         Taking these issues in reverse order, a remand solely to award benefits is rarely granted and conflicts with the principle of judicial deference to administrative determinations. See Seavey v. Barnhart, 276 F.3d 1, 11-12 (1st Cir. 2001) (“ordinarily the court can order the agency to provide the relief it denied only in the unusual case in which the underlying facts and law are such that the agency has no discretion to act in any manner other than to award…benefits”) (emphasis added). Unless the record is so clear and overwhelming that an award of benefits is mandated, a reviewing Court should ordinarily remand for further administrative proceedings. Id. Plaintiff's argument for remand solely to award benefits is brief (two paragraphs) and unconvincing. (ECF Doc. No. 14-1 at p. 3). Plaintiff fails to show that the record does not contain any evidentiary conflicts to be resolved, need for further clarification of the ALJ's Step 4 findings or other development of the record. Thus, this is not the “unusual” case where the record mandates only one possible conclusion - the award of benefits.

         As to the former issue, I agree with Plaintiff that the remand order should foreclose the ALJ from reopening the April 2016 award of benefits. This is the second appeal to this Court and the Commissioner's second request for remand due to conceded errors. The initial application dates back to 2013 and is still under administrative review. The interests of justice call for a focused remand and a prompt and final adjudication.

         The Commissioner concedes that the ALJ did not consider the proper standard to reopen or sufficiently explain her decision to reopen the April 2016 determination. However, she contends that this Court should not foreclose reopening of the 2016 determination on remand in accordance with the applicable regulations because it presents a “factual determination for the agency, not the court.” (ECF Doc. No. 14-1 at p. 4). While true, the ALJ was correctly apprised of the applicable standard by Plaintiff's counsel at the remand hearing and failed to undertake the appropriate analysis. Further, although not reviewable here, it ...

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