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United States v. Hines

United States District Court, D. Rhode Island

January 8, 2018

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
PETER HINES

          MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          William E. Smith Chief Judge

         Before the Court is Defendant Peter Hines's Motion To Modify Supervised Release Conditions (ECF No. 65) (“Def.'s Mot.”), in which Defendant seeks to modify Special Conditions 8, 12, and 16 of his supervised release.

         I. Background

         By way of background, Defendant pleaded guilty to possessing with intent to view materials containing visual depictions of sexual conduct involving minors in December 2012. (Am. J. 1, ECF No. 35.) The Court (Lisi, C.J.) sentenced him to twelve months and one day in prison, ten years' supervision, and imposed special conditions for his release. (Id. at 2-4.) After serving his original sentence, Defendant violated the terms of his supervised release numerous times. (See R. & R. 4-6, 14-15, ECF No. 58 (recounting Defendant's history of supervised release violations).) Accordingly, the Court modified the conditions of his release after each violation. (Id. at 4-5.) Defendant now seeks to modify the special conditions imposed following his most recent violations. (See J. 1-2, 6-7, ECF No. 61.) For the foregoing reasons, the Court DENIES Defendant's Motion and ACCEPTS the Government's proposed modifications to Special Conditions 7 and 8.

         II. Discussion

Special Condition 8 requires Defendant, among other things, to “submit to unannounced examination of his computer or other electronic equipment.” (J. 6.) Defendant seeks to modify the condition, arguing that it is an unqualified search condition that requires reasonable suspicion. (Def.'s Mot. 4-5.) The Government opposes Defendant's proffered modification. Instead, to eliminate confusion, it proposes clarifying that Special Condition 8[1] is a monitoring condition and modifying Special Condition 7, [2] a electronic devices, and failing to register by providing a false address, Special Condition 12 is a reasonable restriction. See United States v. DaSilva, 844 F.3d 8, 11-13 (1st Cir. 2016); (R. & R. 4-6, 14-15). Special Condition 12 is further reasonable because it provides that Probation may permit Defendant to reside with his own children. See DaSilva, 844 F.3d at 13-14; United States v. Mercado, 777 F.3d 532, 539 (1st Cir. 2015); (J. 6). Indeed, Probation has allowed this. (R. & R. 17.) Therefore, Defendant's proposed modification to Special Condition 12 is denied.

         Special Condition 16 prohibits Defendant from accessing and using electronic devices that can, among other things, link to a computer network or the internet, unless preapproved by his probation officer. (J. 7.) In essence, Special Condition 16 prohibits Defendant's use of the internet, which is a severe imposition upon modern life. See United States v. Hinkel, 837 F.3d 111, 126 (1st Cir. 2016). While such a heavy restriction requires careful consideration, Special Condition 16 is reasonable because Defendant used a computer and the internet to commit the underlying child-pornography offense, he has repeatedly violated supervised-release conditions related to accessing and using such devices to view pornography, and Defendant's use of adult pornography was deemed a trigger for accessing child pornography when the Court imposed the ban on accessing pornography as part of Defendant's original sentence. See id. at 126; see also United States v. Stergios, 659 F.3d 127, 134 (1st Cir. 2011); cf. United States v. Ramos, 763 F.3d 45, 60-63 (1st Cir. 2014); (R. & R. 4- 6, 14-15). Moreover, Defendant may seek preapproval for accessing and using these types of devices from his probation officer. See Hinkel, 837 F.3d at 126. Special Condition 16 is a reasonable condition of supervised release given Defendant's underlying offense, history of violating this type of prohibition, history of accessing child pornography by viewing adult pornography, and probation's discretion to preapprove his use of such devices. Thus, Defendant's proposed modification for Special Condition 16 is denied.

         III. Conclusion

         Accordingly, the Court modifies Special Conditions 7 and 8 of Defendant's Supervised Release as set forth in the Government's Objection to Defendant's Motion To Modify the Conditions of Pretrial Release (ECF No. 68) and DENIES Defendant's Motion To Modify Supervised Release Conditions (ECF No. 65) . IT IS SO ORDERED.

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Notes:

[1] The Government proposes replacing Hines's Special Condition 8 with the following:

The defendant must submit to unannounced monitoring of his computer or other electronic equipment by the probation officer, who may be accompanied by either local, state, or federal law enforcement authorities. In addition, the defendant must allow, at the discretion of the probation officer, installation on defendant's ...

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