United States District Court, D. Rhode Island
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION FOR SUMMARY DISMISSAL PURSUANT TO § 1915(E)
PATRICIA A. SULLIVAN, Magistrate Judge.
On February 18, 2015, Plaintiff Evaristo Rosario filed pro se a handwritten complaint together with a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP"). The IFP Motion, which has been referred to me for determination pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A), renders this case subject to preliminary screening under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). Based on my review of the complaint,  I find that it is frivolous and fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. Accordingly, I recommend that the case be summarily dismissed without prejudice. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(1); see Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 32-33 (1992). In addition, my review of Mr. Rosario's IFP motion, which includes responses identical to the most recent IFP motion he filed in this Court, raises the same serious credibility concerns about the accuracy of the information provided as stated in my report and recommendation in Rosario v. McBurney, C.A. No. 14-523ML, ECF No. 3 at 5. If this Court determines that his case may proceed, I recommend that his IFP motion be denied without prejudice to refiling with sufficient information to establish that he is unable to pay fees and costs.
Screening of the Complaint
Mr. Rosario's new complaint is strikingly similar to the previous cases he has filed in this Court stemming from his Rhode Island criminal conviction. He again alleges that his life has been destroyed by his conviction, that he cannot find a job or perform as a professional with a college degree. He blames the State of Rhode Island and the state judiciary system, calling it corrupt and insinuating that the actors within the system conspired to find him guilty and provided him with ineffective assistance of counsel. He zealously asserts that he is not guilty of the crime for which he was convicted. Mr. Rosario also alleges that the Rhode Island Public Defender's Office refuses to assist him in expunging his record.
This case is Mr. Rosario's sixth. As I laid out in my December 18, 2014, report and recommendation recommending dismissal of the fifth (C.A. No. 14-523ML), in four of these federal matters, his claims were dismissed as frivolous and for failure to state a claim. See Rosario v. McBurney, C.A. No. 14-523ML; Rosario v. Rhode Island, C.A. No. 14-462M; Rosario v. Savage, C.A. No. 14-417M; Rosario v. Rhode Island, C.A. No. 13-446S. One, filed in 2013, was a petition for habeas corpus, which was dismissed as he was not then in state custody. See Rosario v. Rhode Island, C.A. No. 13-373ML. In two instances, including the most recent dismissal, this Court took the time to amplify why his claims were frivolous, including that claims against judicial officers are barred by the doctrine of judicial immunity, claims against prosecutors are barred by the doctrine of prosecutorial immunity and claims against the State of Rhode Island are barred by the Eleventh Amendment based on the State's sovereign immunity. Rosario v. McBurney, C.A. No. 14-523ML, ECF No. 3 at 3-4; Rosario v. Rhode Island, C.A. No. 13-446S, ECF No. 3 at 4-5.
The legal standard for dismissing a complaint for failure to state a claim pursuant to § 1915(e)(2) is the same as that used when ruling on a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss. Hodge v. Murphy, 808 F.Supp.2d 405, 408 (D.R.I. 2011). To survive a motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain sufficient factual allegations to "state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). Section 1915 also requires dismissal if the Court finds that the case is frivolous or seeks damages from a defendant with immunity. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). "Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678. A viable complaint must also satisfy Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a), which requires a plaintiff to include "a short and plain statement of the grounds for the court's jurisdiction... and of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief, " as well as Fed.R.Civ.P. 10(a)-(b), which requires a caption and claims set out in numbered paragraphs, each limited to a single set of circumstances.
For the reasons laid out in my December 18, 2014, report and recommendation, Mr. Rosario's allegations against the Rhode Island Attorney General and Rhode Island Judiciary are frivolous and barred by the doctrines of judicial and prosecutorial immunity. When performing their respective functions, judicial officers and prosecutors are protected by absolute immunity. Van de Kamp v. Goldstein, 555 U.S. 335, 340-43 (2009) (prosecutor enjoys absolute immunity as long as challenged conduct falls within function as advocate for a governmental entity); Forrester v. White, 484 U.S. 219, 225-28 (1988) (absolute judicial immunity originated in medieval times to discourage collateral attacks on judicial decisionmaking and to insulate judges from vexatious actions by disgruntled litigants); see also Adames v. Fagundo, 198 F.Appx. 20, 22 (1st Cir. 2006) (per curiam) (judicial immunity bars suits under § 1983 for money damages and injunctive relief). Mr. Rosario also purports to sue the State of Rhode Island as the "Rhode Island Public Defender, Rhode Island Appellate Division, State of Rhode Island, Rhode Island Judiciary and Rhode Island Attorney General." The Supreme Court has consistently held that the Eleventh Amendment provides immunity to an unconsenting State from suits brought in federal courts by her own citizens, as well as by citizens of another state. Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651, 662-63 (1974); Acevedo-Concepcion v. Irizarry-Mendez, CIV. 09-2133 JAG, 2013 WL 3227880 (D.P.R. June 25, 2013); see Kentucky v. Graham, 473 U.S. 159, 167 n.14 (1985) (unless a State has "waived its Eleventh Amendment immunity or Congress has overridden it, ... a State cannot be sued directly in its own name regardless of the relief sought").
Mr. Rosario's claims against Rhode Island Public Defender Mary S. McElroy are substantively deficient. His complaint alleges merely that he called the Public Defender's Office for assistance in expunging his criminal record, as he claims he was promised during his state criminal proceedings, and that the Office responded with an apology. Omitted from his complaint is that he was found guilty on December 12, 2007, of felony assault with a dangerous weapon and sentenced on February 8, 2008, to a five year suspended sentence with five years probation. State v. Rosario, 14 A.3d 206, 214 (R.I. 2011). Under Rhode Island law, Mr. Rosario will not be eligible to expunge his felony conviction until ten years after the completion of his sentence - February 8, 2023, at the earliest. See R.I. Gen. Laws §§ 12-1.3-2(c); 12-1.3-3(b); State v. Alejo, 723 A.2d 762, 764 (R.I. 1999). Based on the date of his sentencing, there is no need to consider whether Mr. Rosario somehow has a right of constitutional proportions to the services of a Public Defender in connection with expungement; applicable Rhode Island law is clear that he currently has no right to expungement and will not for many years to come. Accordingly, his pleading is woefully insufficient to give rise to a federal claim.
Finally, as with each of his prior filings, Mr. Rosario's complaint lacks the basic indicia of a complaint and to that extent fails to comport with Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a) and 10(b). Rule 10 requires that a complaint must have separately-numbered paragraphs setting out the claims, each paragraph limited to a single set of circumstances. Fed.R.Civ.P. 10(b). Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a) requires that every complaint must contain a short and plain statement of the claim and a demand for the relief sought. The complaint does not adequately identify the capacity or the legal basis that forms the foundation for the claims against each defendant; in addition, as with his last federal case, it does not state a demand for the relief sought in this Court.
Based on the foregoing, I find that Mr. Rosario's sixth complaint cannot survive screening - it fails to state a viable federal claim, is frivolous, names defendants with immunity and fails to comply with either Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a) or Fed.R.Civ.P. 10(b). Accordingly, I recommend that it be dismissed without prejudice.
This IFP motion is the ninth Mr. Rosario has filed since May of 2013. For the same reasons stated in my report and recommendation in Rosario v. McBurney, C.A. No. 14-523ML, I conclude that Mr. Rosario has not yet satisfied the requirements of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(2). Accordingly, if this Court determines that this case may proceed, I recommend that the IFP motion be denied without prejudice to refiling with sufficient truthful information about his business and real estate interests to permit this Court to determine whether he is eligible for IFP status.
Based on the foregoing, I recommend Mr. Rosario's Application to Proceed Without Prepayment of Fees be denied without prejudice. I also recommend that his complaint be ...